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About Wrinkles

by Penelope Lane
  • Overview

    About Wrinkles
    About Wrinkles
    Facial wrinkles are an outward manifestation of maturity. Over time, facial skin loses elasticity, moisture and thickness, resulting in thin lines, deeper folds and changed texture. Wrinkling is a natural occurrence in the aging process, but one that many fear due to societal connotations with crow's feet, laugh and frown lines and furrowed crevices. There are many preventable measures and treatments available for premature wrinkling. Following an effective, personalized skin care plan will help one maintain a youthful appearance and promote facial skin health.
  • Causes

    The severity, quantity and time of appearance of facial wrinkles are caused by preventable and naturally occurring variables. Preventable wrinkles are induced by smoking, stress, facial expressions (such as habitual frowning) and exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. Wrinkles are also caused by genetics, skin color (fair-skinned people tend to easily burn), free radicals (air pollution) and aging. Over time and with increased exposure to negative elements, facial skin loses elasticity, fat (collagen) and moisture, causing skin to droop, crease and appear dry.
    About Wrinkles
    About Wrinkles
 
  • Types

    Wrinkles can be categorized into four types, according to a 2006 research study conducted by the University Hospital of Liege, Belgium. The first type is called atrophic crinkling rhytids, a wrinkle that is caused by loss of collagen and elasticity in the facial skin; These fine lines shift over time. The second type, dynamic expression lines, result in habitual facial expressions -- creating what is commonly referred to as crow's feet, laugh lines and frown lines. The third type of wrinkles, permanent elastic creases, are deeper folds on the skin that are dramatically affected by heavy sun exposure. The fourth type, gravitational folds, refers to wrinkles that are a natural part of the aging process. As gravity negatively affects the natural tightness and thickness of skin, these wrinkles appear in the form of sagging folds. The most common locations for these four types of wrinkles are on the forehead, around the eyes (especially the outer corners), mouth area and along the nose.
    About Wrinkles
    About Wrinkles
  • Prevention/Solution

    There are many measures one can take to avoid the early (and severe) appearance of facial wrinkles. Wear sunscreen at all times and wear protective clothing -- long-sleeved layers, hats and sunglasses -- to protect the skin. Avoid being out in the sun at peak times. Regularly wear facial moisturizer to help sooth and smooth fine skin -- additionally, pick a brand that has a built-in sunscreen. Sleep habits also affect the appearance of wrinkles -- get 7-9 hours of sleep a night and sleep on your back (as rubbing the face into a pillow or sheets wrinkles the upper layer of the facial skin). Increase soy and omega-3's (found in fish and many other sources) in nutritional diet to help prevent wrinkles. Quit smoking and avoid excessive alcohol consumption. Drink at least eight glasses of water a day. Maintain a proper weight and take a daily multivitamin. Wash the face gently and regularly. Additionally, find ways to deal with stress -- yoga, meditation, long walks, reading a book -- to help stave off premature wrinkles. While facial wrinkles are a natural part of aging, preventable measures will help you look and feel youthful for a long time.
  • Treatment

    There are many options for facial wrinkle treatments. While preventable measures can be taken, facial wrinkling is an inevitable outward manifestation of age. Anti-wrinkle creams and topical treatments often have the same active ingredients that can help reduce the signs of aging. Look for brands that have retinol (a form of vitamin A), alpha-hydroxy acids and anti-oxidants, copper peptids, kinetin, tea extracts and coenzyme Q10. These active ingredients help aid in skin healing and reduce the appearance of wrinkles. Additionally, there are many medical and spa wrinkle treatments available, including laser resurfacing, Botox and Restylane (a protein injection into the skin), injectable collagen, fat grafting and skin-lifting surgeries. While wrinkle treatments are not a permanent correction to facial lines, they can temporarily help reduce their appearance. Wrinkle treatment should be discussed with a medical care professional to find a personalized treatment plan that will be budget-friendly and effective.
    About Wrinkles
    About Wrinkles
  • Expert Insight

    Facial wrinkles can also have negative emotional repercussions. Some men and women may feel that their life is passing them by too quickly, that they look much older than they feel inside, or that they are no longer youthful and attractive. All of these feelings are normal, and one should examine further into these thoughts and feelings. Discuss them with a medical professional and regularly see a dermatologist. While aging is inevitable, one can postpone the effects of aging by taking proper care of oneself and utilizing all precautionary measures to resist premature facial wrinkling.
    About Wrinkles
    About Wrinkles

    References & Resources