by Brad McHargue
Wrinkles are a common side effect of aging, occurring when the skin becomes thinner and loses its elasticity. It can be the result of genetics, though a common factor in the severity of your wrinkles is excessive exposure to the sun. Treating wrinkles is a cosmetic procedure and carries with it a number of options, including creams, medical procedures such as Botox, lasers, surgery and many more.
A common topical treatment for wrinkles, as well as hyperpigmentation and rough skin, is a corticosteroid lotion that is derived from vitamin A. Examples include tretinoin and tazarotene, and are used in conjunction with sunscreen and other methods of skin protection. Although effective, they can cause dry skin and a burning or tingly sensation when applied. Other possible options include over-the-counter anti-wrinkle creams, though their efficacy is hindered by lower concentrations of the active ingredients found in prescription creams.
You can find remedies for wrinkles through a variety of medical procedures, though which option you choose should be carefully discussed with your dermatologist. Dermabrasion involves the removal of fine layers of surface skin using a fast, rotating brush, while microdermabrasion uses a vaccuum and aluminum oxide crystals to sand away the skin. Both can cause redness and irritation, though dermabrasion presents with longer-lasting side effects.
Laser and light treatment involves the stimulation of the skin to grow new collagen fibers, and depending on the type of laser or light therapy used, can either destroy the epidermis or simply heat it up. Simply heating up the epidermis may lead to a quicker recovery, but the treatment may need to be repeated.
Other possible treatments include botulinum toxin type A (Botox) injections, which tighten the muscles and the skin, and soft tissue fillers, which involves the injection of collagen, fat and hyaluronic acid into deeper wrinkles to give the skin more volume and smooth the lines.
A common option for many is a face lift, which involves the surgical removal of extra fat and skin and the subsequent tightening of the connective tissue and muscles underneath. Unlike nonsurgical procedures, the results last several years, though healing times are much longer. Like other wrinkle-removing procedures, face lifts are not covered by medical insurance, as they are strictly cosmetic in nature. Discuss with your doctor the best possible option for your individual case, as some treatments work better than others depending on the severity of the wrinkles.