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Vegetable Plants to Grow Indoors

by Kate Carpenter
  • Overview

    Vegetable Plants to Grow Indoors
    Vegetable Plants to Grow Indoors
    Fresh vegetables are usually a hallmark of summer, and winter is a time for canned soup and frozen foods. But for more adventurous gardeners, vegetables can be homegrown indoors all winter long. Small vegetable varieties and bush plants can make your home an agricultural oasis during the coldest months of the year.
  • Basics

    Almost any vegetable that can be grown in an outdoor garden can be grown indoors, as long as you provide it with enough light and choose a vegetable variety that doesn't require insects for help with pollination. Your local garden center or seed company can help you choose varieties that don't need pollination help. Plant indoor vegetables in any type of pot or hanging container with a potting soil that provides plenty of nutrients.
  • Benefits

    Indoor vegetable gardening is a creative solution if you don't have any space outdoors for a garden or if you live in a cold climate and still want fresh vegetables in the winter. By growing indoors, you have a longer growing season and you get control over the heat, light and water that your vegetable plants receive. You can also prevent most of the pest problems that outdoor vegetable gardeners have to contend with.
  • Considerations

    Choose plants that take up less space or dwarf or bush varieties of your favorite vegetables for an indoor garden. Try to locate the containers near a sunny, south-facing window. You might want to invest in grow lights, especially if you'll be growing tomatoes or peppers during the winter months. The extra light will help ensure that these plants produce fruit during darker days.
  • Vegetable Varieties

    Herbs are some of the easiest plants to grow indoors. Consider placing an herb garden in the kitchen so you can snip off fresh herbs while cooking. Chives can also be grown fairly easily. Try small varieties of root crops such as radishes, beets and miniature carrots. Radishes grow quickly, perfect for the impatient gardener, while carrots will take much longer. Leaf lettuce or mini-butterhead lettuce are also good choices, offering fresh greens through the winter. Choose bush varieties of cucumbers and green beans for growing indoors, and opt for small strains of tomatoes and peppers for the most success. If you're ambitious, you could even try planting squash from hanging baskets and allowing the vines to trail.
  • Tips

    Indoor plants won't require as much watering as they would outside, but they will need humidity, especially during the dry winter months. Try placing several pots in a tray of water, or mist the plants occasionally with a spray bottle. Keep things simple, especially if you're just starting out with indoor vegetable gardening. If you don't have much space, limit yourself to a small herb garden or one or two plants, and grow from there.

    References & Resources