Prognosis for Depression & Anxiety Disorders
by Jules Stark
Depression and anxiety disorders are mental health conditions with symptoms that can range from mild to severe. Although symptoms can seem insurmountable, both depression and anxiety respond well to treatment.
Depression may cause fatigue, appetite changes, sleeping changes, irritability, inactivity, feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness and recurring thoughts about death. There are a number of types of depression, including major depression, postpartum depression, dysthymia and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
According to the National Institutes of Health, mild depression can often be treated with counseling and self-care. Moderate to severe depression is effectively treated with a combination of psychotherapy and medication. In very severe cases, hospitalization may be required.
Anxiety may be present in several forms, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Some of the most common symptoms of these disorders are strong, painful memories, recurring nightmares and uncontrollable feelings of fear, as well as physical symptoms like heart palpitations and nausea.
Most people with anxiety disorders can be treated with psychotherapy and anti-anxiety medications. The American Psychiatric Association states that although treatment can significantly relieve symptoms of anxiety, it does not always completely cure these disorders.
Anxiety disorders can be caused by an unconscious memory, a chemical imbalance in the brain or even a side effect to a medication or illness. Depression may result from issues like childhood abuse, death of a loved one, certain medical conditions, nutritional deficiencies and chronic stress. Psychotherapy will explore the issues and events associated with your mental disorder.