Kids' Learning Difficulties
by Angela Charles
Learning difficulties can be frustrating for kids and cause much worry for parents, especially if the difficulties are not yet diagnosed or under control. They can even lead to other behavioral problems or conduct disorders when kids begin to react to their feelings of inadequacy. According to the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, learning disabilities affect approximately 10 percent of school-aged children. There are different types of learning difficulties that kids may face, but with diligence from parents, teachers and the student, they can be managed.
Does your child have difficulty learning sounds and words? Is your child failing school? Have you noticed your child acting out? Does your child claim to misplace homework or school supplies? Is your child's teacher concerned? Does your child have a hard time concentrating? The above signs may indicate a learning disability.
Dyslexia is caused by the brain's inability to process certain symbols. Students may get words or numbers mixed up and experience difficulty with reading, writing and math assignments. They may also be confused regarding the meaning of words and retaining what they learn. Kids with dyslexia often have normal or above-average intelligence.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Kids with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have difficulty paying attention. Some kids may have trouble focusing their attention on particular tasks. Others may have a hard time transitioning from one area of attention to the next. The National Institute of Mental Health states that this is one of the most common childhood disorders. ADHD includes three subtypes: hyperactive-impulsive, inattentive, and combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive. In order to be diagnosed with ADHD, kids need to possess symptoms for at least six months.
When kids have learning difficulties, they may become frustrated and feel inadequate, as well as rebel and act out at school. Kids may also develop social problems due to a lack of confidence in themselves. Sometimes other disorders, such as conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, anxiety or depression, co-exist with learning disabilities.
There are a few ways that learning difficulties can be managed, depending on the type and severity. Individualized Education Programs can be used so that the child has a specific learning program tailored to their needs. This can be implemented through the collaboration of parents, teachers and administrators. Psychotherapy may be necessary to address accompanying behavioral problems and the social ramifications of having trouble in school. In some cases, ADHD can be controlled using medication.