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About Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

by Ashlee Simmons
  • Overview

    Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, also called JRA, is a childhood disease with unknown causes. Like rheumatoid arthritis in adults, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease affecting the joints. Symptoms include swelling and pain that are treated with exercise, anti-inflammatory medications, injections and physical therapy.
  • Types

    There are three types of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: pauciarticular, polyarticular and systemic.
 
  • Pauciarticular

    Pauciarticular JRA is most commonly found in young girls under the age of 8 and affects only a few joints in the body.
  • Polyarticular

    Polyarticular JRA is found in both large and small joints of children's bodies and affects five or more joints at one time.
  • Systemic

    Systemic JRA can affect both the joints and organs of a child's body and is the most rare form of JRA.
  • Diagnostic Tools

    Physicians use blood tests and X-rays to diagnose Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  • Statistics

    In 2008, about 300,000 American children had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Disability

    Dr. Angelo Ravelli reported, in 2008, his findings that 1 in 5 children diagnosed with JRA were also disabled.

    References & Resources