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Different Forms of Treatments Available for ADHD

by Brooke Nichols
  • Overview

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric condition that is typically diagnosed prior to the age of seven. Symptoms of ADHD include problems sitting still, difficulties concentration, poor task completion and impaired impulse control. Treatment is typically effective and improves level of functioning.
  • Significance

    Assessing for ADHD is important because if left untreated, significant delays in learning, social difficulties or low self-esteem may result. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention indicates that three to seven percent of school age children have this condition.
  • Types

    Diagnosing ADHD can be done by a licensed professional with experience in mental health and behavioral disorders. ADHD comes in three forms: inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive and combined types.
  • Prevention/Solution

    Treating ADHD may combine several different types of intervention for optimal effectiveness. Behavior modification, medications, parenting techniques and specific accommodations at school can all be helpful for individuals with ADHD.
  • Behavioral Interventions

    Decreasing the amount of distractions in workspace, implementing an organizational system (i.e. calendar, chart or notebook), developing routines, learning self-control strategies and providing rewards for desired behaviors are all helpful for the person with ADHD.
  • Medical Interventions

    Using medication to control symptoms of ADHD is common and effective. Stimulant medications such as Ritalin or Adderall enhance focus, increase impulse control and reduce hyperactivity. Non-stimulant medications are also available.
  • Psychotherapy

    Establishing a relationship with a therapist who specializes in ADHD is beneficial. Psychotherapists may be able to teach relaxation techniques and other strategies to help manage poor impulse control.

    References & Resources