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Crohn's Disease & Pain

by Terrie Berry
  • Overview

    Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes the lining of the digestive tract to be inflamed. According to the Mayo Clinic, inflammation can get deep into the bowel tissues, causing debilitating pain.
  • Features

    Along with pain that hinders daily activities, Crohn's disease symptoms include chronic diarrhea, cramping, joint pain and swelling, blurred vision and skin rashes, reports the University of Maryland Medical Center.
  • Treatment

    Options for treatment include corticosteroids for inflammation, pain medication, antibiotics and immune suppressants. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state that roughly 75 percent of people with Crohn's disease will need surgery at some point.
  • Significance

    Heredity plays a role in Crohn's, according to the CDC---people with relatives who have the disease are more likely to have it. Ethnicity is a risk factor, with white people more likely to develop the disease.
  • Considerations

    If a person with Crohn's disease no longer responds to medication, there is a surgical option to remove the diseased portion of the intestine. Unfortunately, surgery is often temporary and many people will need a second procedure if the symptoms return, according to the Mayo Clinic.
  • Warning

    There is an increased risk of colon cancer for those with Crohn's disease, says the Mayo Clinic, though 90 percent of patients never develop cancer.

    References & Resources