About Biology Careers
by Jeanne Grunert
About Biology Careers
Biology careers include opportunities in health care, research, medicine, natural sciences, teaching and more. Biologists often specialize in a particular field, such as marine biology or zoology, and embark upon successful careers in their specialty. Biologists study everything from microscopic life to big ecosystems, such as the rain forests. They research, teach and work in industry, health care, medicine and many other fields.
Biology, or the study of living organisms, can be traced to the ancient Egyptians and Greeks. Biology careers became a distinct career path in Victorian times, with the rise of various career paths in many fields of biology increasing in the 20th century.
People engaged in biology careers seek to explore and understand the natural world. They use scientific methods of inquiry to understand living organisms and systems, such as heredity.
There are dozens of possible careers in biology. Types of biology careers include: agriculture, animal husbandry, microbiology, bioethics, botany, conservation of natural resources, ecology and environmental studies, genetics, medicine, health care, bacteriology and many, many more.
Most careers in biology require individuals to earn at least a Bachelor of Science degree, although many biologists go on to earn a Master or Ph.D. level degree. A bachelor's degree typically takes four years to earn, while additional advanced degrees may take several more years to complete.
Many people harbor misconceptions about biology careers and believe that biologists spend all their time in laboratories looking through microscopes. Many biologists work in the field, traveling through rain forests and deserts, living aboard ships to study marine life and enjoying exciting, adventurous lives.
Job growth in biology careers is exceptionally strong, particularly in the areas of biotechnology and molecular biology. Biologists earn an average starting salary of around $30,000 to $40,000, and by mid-career most earn $80,000 or more. Potential earnings increase with attainment of an advanced degree, such as a P.h.D in Biology.