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Asperger's Disorder Treatments

by Yvette Sajem
  • Overview

    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
    Asperger's disorder, or Asperger's syndrome, is one of a group of neurological disorders classified as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). ASDs are almost always diagnosed in childhood and require lifetime management. Specifically, Asperger's is a developmental disorder predominantly characterized by a child's obsessive focus on one topic or object for which they develop a deep abundance of knowledge and interest to the exclusion of almost everything else. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), the optimal line of treatment should concentrate on three core traits of Asperger's disorder: inadequate communication skills, lack of physical coordination, and repetitive or obsessive routines. Treatment will vary depending on the severity of each child's symptoms and his specific needs, interests and abilities.
  • Individual Psychotherapy

    Individual psychotherapy (talk therapy) will help your child to cope with the specific emotions she experiences and struggles with in relation to Asperger's disorder. According to the Mayo Clinic, your child's therapist will help her recognize her triggers and understand her reactions to different people and environments. The therapist will help your child develop various coping strategies that she will be able to implement when faced with stressful events or situations. Individual psychotherapy will also provide a safe environment for your child to freely express her frustrations and feelings.
    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
 
  • Social Skills Training

    According to the Mental Health Channel, children with Asperger's disorder have difficulty picking up on nonverbal social cues that are innately recognized by healthy children, such as knowing when someone wants to stop speaking with you or understanding the concept of personal space. This difficulty can make it hard for children with Asperger's to make and maintain friendships. Social skills training uses illustrations, repetition, and lucid, unambiguous explanations to help your child function among her peers.
  • Behavior Modifications

    According to the Mayo Clinic, children with Asperger's disorder often speak in a monotonous tone of voice that is static or extraordinarily fast. They may also present with an unusual and/or rigid posture, appear clumsy and uncoordinated and have trouble with tasks requiring fine or gross motor skills such as tying their shoes, handwriting or playing ball with other children. A qualified speech therapist can help your child control the volume and speed of his speech and develop a speaking pattern with a healthy rhythm and tone. An occupational therapist can teach your child movement and everyday skills and help him work on his physical coordination.
    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
  • Educational Intervention

    Typically, a child with Asperger's syndrome will require an individualized education plan (IEP). It is important that you, with the guidance of your child's therapist, discuss and develop special education accommodations for your child with her teachers. An IEP will enable your child to absorb knowledge and be more productive. It will also encourage your child to view her education as a way to enhance her life, rather than as a stress-inducing encumbrance.
  • Parental Education and Therapy

    According to Asperger's Support Online, parent education is a vital part of learning to live with Asperger's disorder. If your child has Asperger's, it is very important that you become familiar with all aspects of the illness, how to deal with your child and his symptoms, and how to encourage and guide your child in coping and living as normally as possible. Further, parents and siblings may benefit from individual or family therapy. Living with a child with Asperger's is not always easy, and having a safe place to speak freely can help you and your family cope.
    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
    Asperger's Disorder Treatments
  • Drug Therapy

    According to the Mental Health Channel, there is no specific medication to treat Asperger's disorder. However, symptomatic conditions of Asperger's such as hyperactivity, depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and aggressive behavior can be alleviated through the use of different psychiatric medication. If your child is prescribed any type of psychiatric drug, he should be closely monitored by his doctor. If you, his teachers or any other caregiver notice an adverse reaction or side effect, immediately notified your child's doctor.

    References & Resources